Hong Kong waters and South China Sea have a diversity of marine fauna, of which a number of species are edible and economically important. Some of the major species are highly valued seafood and can be easily found in local restaurants and markets.

In view of their popularity and economic value in local markets, this web-page focuses on the marine invertebrate fauna, with an aim to help the public to familiarize with and identify these animals. 

The web-page also highlights the economic importance of these species. In total, 42 species in 29 genera and 23 families are described and illustrated by one or more photographs. A dichotomous key is constructed to assist readers to easily identify them. 


Useful Links:

1. City university of Hong Kong (BCH Department):

2. Final year project about vertebrate:

3. Final year project about polychaetes:

4. Agriculture, Fisheries & Conservation Department of Hong Kong:

5. Taiwan Fishinfo:

6. Taiwan Fisheries Research Institute:

7. Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center:

8. The Fisheries Statistics & Economics Division of the National Marine Fisheries Service:

9. Yahoo search engines of the useful web-site related to fisheries:




1. Arthur, P. H. (Ed.). (1989). The Hamlyn guide to shells of the world. The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited. 

2. Cheung, S.G. & Shin, Paul (1999). Marine ecological habitats of Hong Kong. (CD- ROM).City University of Hong Kong. Hong Kong. 

3. Dai, A.Y. & Yang, S. L. (1991). Crabs of the China Sea. China Ocean Pree Beijing. China.

4. Dance, S. Peter (Ed.). (1990). The collectors' encyclopedia of shells. Chartwell books. London.

5. Eisenberg, J. M. (1981). A collector's guide to seashells of the world. McGraw- Hill Book Company. New York, London.

6. Hill. S. Dennis & Phillipps Karen (1981). A color guide to Hong Kong Animals. The Government Printer. Hong Kong. 

7. Morris, Percy A. (Ed.). (1966). A field guide to Pacific coast shells: including shells of Hawaii and the Gulf of California. Houghton Mifflin Company. Boston. 

8. Voss, G.L & Williamson, G.R. (1971). Cephalopods of Hong Kong. Hong Kong. Government Press. Hong Kong. 

9. Wei, Chong de (1989). Fauna of Zhejiang Crustacean. Zhejiang Publishing House of Science & Technology. China. 

10. Wang (1988). Coloured illustrations of aquatic mollusks in China. Zhejiang Publishing House of Science & Technology. China. 

11. Yu, Hsiang-ping (1986). The illustrated penaeoid prawns of Taiwan. South Materials Center. Taipei.



In carrying out my final year project, I have received much encouragement and assistance from many institutions and individuals. I would like to take this opportunity to express my sincerest gratitude to my supervisors: Dr. Paul Shin & Dr. S. G. Cheung, Department of Biology and Chemistry, for their effort and encouragement, guidance and suggestions throughout my project work.