Nature of Light
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1.    Nature of Light

Light is a kind of electromagnetic wave. A chart of the electromagnetic wave spectrum is shown in Figure 1. It can be seen that visible light occupies a very narrow band of the whole spectrum. Typically, their wavelengths are between 4 x 10-7 m(4,000 or 0.4 m m) to 7 x 10-7 m(7,000 or 0.7 m m). ( stands for 'angstrom' and is equal to 10-10 m.)

Figure 1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum


Lights with shorter wavelengths and hence higher frequencies have more energy than those with longer wavelengths and hence lower frequencies.

By the use of special sources or special filters, it is possible to limit the wavelength spread to a small band, typically of a width of 100 . Such lights can be described as 'monochromatic', meaning of a single colour.