Rotating Unbalance Unbalance in rotating machines is a common source of vibration excitation. We consider here a spring-mass system constrained to move in the vertical direction and excited by a rotating machine that is unbalanced, as shown in Fig. 10. The unbalance is represented by an eccentric mass m with eccentricity e that is rotating with angular velocity w . By letting x be the displacement of the non rotating mass (M - m) from the static equilibrium position, the displacement of m is :   Figure 10 Harmonic Disturbing Force Resulting from Rotating Unbalance   The equation of motion is then : which can be rearranged to : (37)   It is evident that this equation is identical to Eq. (29), where is replaced by , and hence the steady-state solution of the previous section can be replaced by : (38) and (39) These can be further reduced to non dimensional form : (40) and (41) Example A counter rotating eccentric weight exciter is used to produce the forced oscillation of a spring-supported mass as shown in Fig. 11. By varying the speed of rotation, a resonant amplitude of 0.60 cm was recorded. When the speed of rotation was increase considerably beyond the resonant frequency, the amplitude appeared to approach a fixed value of 0.08 cm. Determine the damping factor of the system. Figure 11 Solution : From Eqn. (40), the resonant amplitude is : When w is very much greater than , the same equation becomes By solving the two equations simultaneously, the damping factor of the system is